I argue that an empirically more plausible and internally consistent explanation is that oil exporters are more prone to civil war because they tend to have weaker state institutions than other countries with the same per capita income (fearon and laitin 2003. 3 later in the paper (table 6) we examine whether our results are sensitive to this deﬁnition of civil war sambanis (2002) comes to a similar conclusion 4 we list the data sources and deﬁnitions in the appendix 5 the standard deviation of primary commodity exports is 011 for the conﬂict episodes and 019 for the peace episodes. Impact of primary commodity exports on the probability that a country has a civil war despite the claims made on behalf of this proxy for rebel opportunity, other cross- national statistical studies have not noted a similarly strong relationship.
Primary commodity exports and civil war james d fearon department of political science stanford university collier and hoeffler reported that countries with a higher percentage of national income from primary.
Primary commodity exports and civil war abstract collier and hoeffler reported that countries with a higher percentage of national income from primary commodity exports have been more prone to civil war, an interesting finding that has received much attention from policy makers and the media.
Primary commodities exports and civil war rather, it looks as if primary commodity exports increase civil war risk at a decreasing rate, so that using the logarithm 10. Upon primary commodity exports, while being opposed by government forces which are protecting those exports the gross revenue function has two components, the tribute which can be exacted conditional upon a successful threat of military force, and a military contest function.
We will write a custom essay sample on primary commodity exports and civil war specifically for you for only $1638 $139/page. Primary commodity exports and state strength collier and hoeffler's theoreticalargumentfor expecting a strong relationship between primarycommodity exports and civil war risk is that primarycommodity exports measurerebel financing opportunity and geographicdispersion model 5this argumentis problematicfor two main reasons model 1)i find. Economic causes of civil conflict and their implications for policy paul collier, director, development research group world bank upon primary commodity exports and low national income conversely, and parties to a civil war do not stay silent: they are not white mice observed by scientists. Commodities may not effect civil war onset in the way we originally thought, b ut they do hav e important direct and indirect effects on states, rebels, and economies, and these remain worthy of serious attention.
We will write a custom essay sample on commodity market study specifically for you for only $1638 $139/page order now primary commodity exports and civil war cocoa commodity free market and market character a study to understand market acceptability of pepsi atom. Minor changes in the sample framing and the recovery of missing data undermine it to the extent that there is an association, it is likely because oil is a major component of primary commodity exports and substantial oil production does associate with civil war risk. Increases as primary commodity exports increase to about 35% of gdp, and declines there-after collier and hoeﬄer use such a parabolic speciﬁcation, noting that few countries have more than 35% of gdp in primary commodity exports, so the relationship between civil war risk and commodity dependence is mainly positive.
According to the said researchers, the most important issues that needs consideration on this part of the situation is the emergence of countries that are involved in primary commodity export appointments in the field of international trade.