Erik erikson's theory of psychosocial development describes 8 stages that play a role in the development of personality and psychological skills menu erik erikson's stages of psychosocial development. The first stage of erikson’s theory of psychosocial development occurs between birth and one year of age and is the most fundamental stage in life because an infant is utterly dependent, the development of trust is based on the dependability and quality of the child’s caregivers. Erikson's theory of psychosocial development erikson theorized that every person moves through eight stages or crises of psychosocial development from birth to death between infancy and 18 months of age, babies struggle with trust versus mistrust.
The first stage of erikson's theory of psychosocial development occurs between birth and one year of age and is the most fundamental stage in life because an infant is utterly dependent, developing trust is based on the dependability and quality of the child's caregivers. According to this theory, the concurrence of three thoughts results in depression: feeling inadequate, belief that all efforts result in failure, and thinking that the future is hopeless in therapy jenny would adopt an enhancing attributional style to feel hopeful about the future (schneider et al, 2005.
Yet, how depression is conceptualized is critically important depression is a major public health issue, and the theoretical paradigms that guide our understanding of the condition influence public opinion, health policies, treatment strategies, and research. Erikson's stage theory characterizes an individual advancing through the eight life stages as a function of negotiating his or her biological forces and sociocultural forces each stage is characterized by a psychosocial crisis of these two conflicting forces (as shown in the table below.
Psychosocial factors, especially stressful life circumstances and stress mediating factors, are a major concern in current research on the etiology and treatment of depression this paper presents a conceptual framework to summarize and integrate the rapidly expanding theoretical, empirical, and clinical literature on depression. Behavioral/learning theories makes sense in terms of reactive depression, where there is a clearly identifiable cause of depression however, one of the biggest problems for the theory is that of endogenous depression this is depression that has no apparent cause (ie nothing bad has happened to the person. Depression is a mood disorder which prevents individuals from leading a normal life, at work socially or within their family seligman (1973) referred to depression as the ‘common cold’ of psychiatry because of its frequency of diagnosis.
Thus, late-life depression, according to cbt theory, is a function of recurring psychosocial stressors that the patient has trouble resolving and a sense of helplessness over the patient’s ability to function and manage these stressors over time. I have a theory that people are like electrons, they move from negative potentials to positive ones they resist moving negative and move towards positives in this theory, depression is the natural result of moving towards a negative the person fights against it and when the lose hope they become depressed. According to object relations theory, depression is caused by problems people have in developing representations of healthy relationships depression is a consequence of an ongoing struggle that depressed people endure in order to try and maintain emotional contact with desired objects.
Psychosocial treatments include different types of psychotherapy and social and vocational training, and aim to provide support, education and guidance to people with mental illness and their families psychosocial treatments are an effective way to improve the quality of life for individuals with. The more severe the depression, the greater the loss of brain volume the atrophy affects the brain’s frontal lobes, as well, especially the prefrontal cortex, which regulates the emotional centers of the brain finally, depression appears to inhibit the birth of new brain cells, or neurogenesis.
Psychosocial stage 2 - autonomy vs shame and doubt the second stage of erikson's theory of psychosocial development takes place during early childhood and is focused on children developing a greater sense of personal control at this point in development, children are just starting to gain a little independence.